GPU Analytics Ep 1, GPU installation of OmniSci on AWS

In this post, we are going to install the OmniSci 4.6 GPU database on an Ubuntu 18.04 AWS instance. These are the actual command lines I entered when performing the installation.

But let's start by introducing the motivation behind GPU databases: GPUs allow fast data analysis. GPU computing should provide a 1,000X speed-up in 15 or 20 years and also offers the ability to visualize the data efficiently. Since the size of the global data-sphere will double between 2019 and 2022 (from 40 to 80 Zetabytes), increasing the speed of data ingestion, data analysis, data visualization is a necessity.

About OmniSci

OmniSci is the company behind the open-source MapD Core database, which is (quote from their github repository):

an in-memory, column store, SQL relational database designed from the ground up to run on GPUs. MapD Core is licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0.

OmniSci is actually their new brand name, replacing MapD. OmniSci is part of the GPU Open Analytivs Initiative.

Launch Amazon EC2 Instance

From the AWS console, I launch a new instance (in Ireland in our case).

  • Step 1: Choose an Amazon Machine Image (AMI)
    64-bit (x86) Ubuntu Server 18.04 LTS (HVM), EBS General Purpose (SSD) Volume Type

  • Step 2: Choose an Instance Type
    GPU instance p3.2xlarge, 8 vCPUs, 61 GiB, 1 GPU NVIDIA Tensor Core V100 with 16 GB of memory.

This GPU has a Volta architecture. The successive NVIDIA generations are the following ones, from oldest to newest: Kepler, Maxwell, Pascal, Volta, Turing. It is important to note that the libraries from RAPIDS, the Open GPU Data Science suite, require at least a Pascal architecture, which prevents from choosing a p2 instance (NVIDIA K80 of the Kepler generation), although it is cheaper (0.90 USD per hour instead of 3.06 USD for the p3.2xlarge instance). Also, note that you need to increase the initial AWS limit of p3 instances, which is 0 by default, using the AWS Support Center (it took a few hours in my case).

Regarding the storage size, I asked for 100 GB (we can increase it later if ever we need to).

The next steps deal with network and security... After that, I can eventually start the instance. Once it is running, I can connect via ssh:

$ ssh -i ~/keys/EC2_nopass.pem
The authenticity of host ' (' can't be established.
ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added ',' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
Welcome to Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS (GNU/Linux 4.15.0-1032-aws x86_64)
  System information as of Wed Apr 24 08:20:10 UTC 2019
  System load:  0.0               Processes:           142
  Usage of /:   1.1% of 96.88GB   Users logged in:     0
  Memory usage: 0%                IP address for ens3:
  Swap usage:   0%

Install NVIDIA drivers

The following installation procedure is taken from the OmniSci website.

  • Update the entire system
ubuntu@ip-10-0-10-124:~$ sudo apt update
ubuntu@ip-10-0-10-124:~$ sudo apt upgrade

Choose the default options when prompted.

  • Install a "headless" Java runtime environment
ubuntu@ip-10-0-10-124:~$ sudo apt install default-jre-headless
  • Verify that the apt-transport-https utility is installed
ubuntu@ip-10-0-10-124:~$ sudo apt install apt-transport-https
  • Reboot and reconnect
ubuntu@ip-10-0-10-124:~$ sudo reboot
  • Create a group called omnisci and a user named omnisci, who will be the owner of the OmniSci database
ubuntu@ip-10-0-10-124:~$ sudo useradd -U -m omnisci
  • Verify the System has the correct kernel headers and development packages installed (NVIDIA reference)
ubuntu@ip-10-0-10-124:~$ sudo apt-get install linux-headers-$(uname -r)
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
linux-headers-4.15.0-1035-aws is already the newest version (4.15.0-1035.37).
linux-headers-4.15.0-1035-aws set to manually installed.
0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.

Eveything is up-to-date.

  • Install CUDA Toolkit 10.1 from NVIDIA's website
ubuntu@ip-10-0-10-124:~$ wget
ubuntu@ip-10-0-10-124:~$ sudo dpkg -i cuda-repo-ubuntu1804-10-1-local-10.1.105-418.39_1.0-1_amd64.deb
ubuntu@ip-10-0-10-124:~$ sudo apt-key add /var/cuda-repo-10-1-local-10.1.105-418.39/
ubuntu@ip-10-0-10-124:~$ sudo apt-get update
ubuntu@ip-10-0-10-124:~$ sudo apt-get install cuda
ubuntu@ip-10-0-10-124:~$ sudo apt install cuda-drivers linux-image-extra-virtual

Choose the default options when prompted.

  • Reboot and reconnect
ubuntu@ip-10-0-10-124:~$ sudo reboot

After this step, we can check that the GPU device is ready with the System Management Interface:

ubuntu@ip-10-0-10-124:~$ nvidia-smi 
Wed Apr 24 09:20:38 2019       
| NVIDIA-SMI 418.39       Driver Version: 418.39       CUDA Version: 10.1     |
| GPU  Name        Persistence-M| Bus-Id        Disp.A | Volatile Uncorr. ECC |
| Fan  Temp  Perf  Pwr:Usage/Cap|         Memory-Usage | GPU-Util  Compute M. |
|   0  Tesla V100-SXM2...  On   | 00000000:00:1E.0 Off |                    0 |
| N/A   36C    P0    37W / 300W |      0MiB / 16130MiB |      0%      Default |
| Processes:                                                       GPU Memory |
|  GPU       PID   Type   Process name                             Usage      |
|  No running processes found                                                 |

Install OmniSci

  • Download and add a GPG key to apt
ubuntu@ip-10-0-10-124:~$ curl | sudo apt-key add -
  % Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time     Time  Current
                                 Dload  Upload   Total   Spent    Left  Speed
100  5290  100  5290    0     0   4588      0  0:00:01  0:00:01 --:--:--  4588
  • Download the OmniSci list file
ubuntu@ip-10-0-10-124:~$ echo "deb stable cuda" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/omnisci.list
deb stable cuda
  • update the packages and install OmniSci
sudo apt update
sudo apt install omnisci
  • Set Environment Variables
ubuntu@ip-10-0-10-124:~$ echo 'export OMNISCI_USER=omnisci' >> ~/.bashrc 
ubuntu@ip-10-0-10-124:~$ echo 'export OMNISCI_GROUP=omnisci' >> ~/.bashrc 
ubuntu@ip-10-0-10-124:~$ echo 'export OMNISCI_STORAGE=/var/lib/omnisci' >> ~/.bashrc 
ubuntu@ip-10-0-10-124:~$ echo 'export OMNISCI_PATH=/opt/omnisci' >> ~/.bashrc 
ubuntu@ip-10-0-10-124:~$ echo 'export OMNISCI_LOG=/var/lib/omnisci/data/mapd_log' >> ~/.bashrc 
ubuntu@ip-10-0-10-124:~$ source ~/.bashrc

Or you can edit the .bashrc file manually with your favorite terminal editor.

The $OMNISCI_STORAGE directory is where (large) files are going to be stored. It must be dedicated to OmniSci only.

  • Initilize OmniSci
ubuntu@ip-10-0-10-124:~$ cd $OMNISCI_PATH/systemd
ubuntu@ip-10-0-10-124:/opt/omnisci/systemd$ sudo ./
OMNISCI_PATH: OmniSci install directory
OMNISCI_STORAGE: OmniSci data and configuration storage directory
OMNISCI_USER: user OmniSci will be run as
OMNISCI_GROUP: group OmniSci will be run as
OMNISCI_PATH:    /opt/omnisci
OMNISCI_STORAGE:    /var/lib/omnisci
  • Activate OmniSci
ubuntu@ip-10-0-10-124:/opt/omnisci/systemd$ cd $OMNISCI_PATH
ubuntu@ip-10-0-10-124:/opt/omnisci$ sudo systemctl start omnisci_server
ubuntu@ip-10-0-10-124:/opt/omnisci$ systemctl status omnisci_server
● omnisci_server.service - OmniSci database server
   Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/omnisci_server.service; disabled; vendor preset: enabled)
   Active: active (running) since Wed 2019-04-24 09:36:49 UTC; 13s ago
 Main PID: 2840 (omnisci_server)
    Tasks: 25 (limit: 4915)
   CGroup: /system.slice/omnisci_server.service
           ├─2840 /opt/omnisci/bin/omnisci_server --config /var/lib/omnisci/omnisci.conf
           └─2862 -Xmx1024m -DMAPD_LOG_DIR=/var/lib/omnisci/data -jar /opt/omnisci/bin/calcite-1.0-SNAPSHOT-jar-with-dependencies.jar -e /opt/omnisci/QueryEngine/ -d /var/lib/omni
Apr 24 09:36:49 ip-10-0-10-124 systemd[1]: Started OmniSci database server.
lines 1-10/10 (END)
ubuntu@ip-10-0-10-124:/opt/omnisci$  $OMNISCI_PATH/bin/omnisql --version
OmniSQL Version: 4.6.0-20190415-38f897c50e

Test OmniSci

Let's insert some data to check that everything is working fine! A convenient script has been installed in order to load some data into the database:

ubuntu@ip-10-0-10-124:/opt/omnisci$ cd $OMNISCI_PATH
ubuntu@ip-10-0-10-124:/opt/omnisci$ sudo ./insert_sample_data
/opt/omnisci/sample_datasets /opt/omnisci
--2019-04-24 09:52:42--
Resolving (
Connecting to (||:443... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 192 [application/octet-stream]
Saving to: ‘manifest.tsv’
manifest.tsv                                 100%[=============================================================================================>]     192  --.-KB/s    in 0s      
2019-04-24 09:52:43 (34.6 MB/s) - ‘manifest.tsv’ saved [192/192]
Enter dataset number to download, or 'q' to quit:
 #     Dataset                   Rows    Table Name             File Name
 1)    Flights (2008)            7M      flights_2008_7M        flights_2008_7M.tar.gz
 2)    Flights (2008)            10k     flights_2008_10k       flights_2008_10k.tar.gz
 3)    NYC Tree Census (2015)    683k    nyc_trees_2015_683k    nyc_trees_2015_683k.tar.gz
/opt/omnisci/sample_datasets /opt/omnisci
- downloading and extracting flights_2008_7M.tar.gz
--2019-04-24 09:54:21--
Resolving (
Connecting to (||:443... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 377039522 (360M) [application/octet-stream]
Saving to: ‘flights_2008_7M.tar.gz’
flights_2008_7M.tar.gz                       100%[=============================================================================================>] 359.57M  3.49MB/s    in 93s     
2019-04-24 09:55:54 (3.88 MB/s) - ‘flights_2008_7M.tar.gz’ saved [377039522/377039522]
- adding schema
User mapd connected to database mapd
User mapd disconnected from database mapd
- inserting file: /opt/omnisci/sample_datasets/flights_2008_7M/flights_2008_7M.csv
User mapd connected to database mapd
Loaded: 7009728 recs, Rejected: 0 recs in 46.885000 secs
User mapd disconnected from database mapd

We now connect to OmniSci Core (default password is HyperInteractive):

ubuntu@ip-10-0-10-124:/opt/omnisci$ $OMNISCI_PATH/bin/omnisql
password: HyperInteractive
User mapd connected to database mapd
omnisql> SELECT * FROM flights_2008_7M LIMIT 2;
2008|1|10|4|702|700|758|800|WN|1|N505SW|56|60|46|-2|2|DAL|HOU|239|2|8|0|NULL|0|NULL|NULL|NULL|NULL|NULL|2008-01-10 07:02:00|2008-01-10 07:58:00|Southwest Airlines|Corporation|BOEING|1990-05-14|737-5H4|Valid|Fixed Wing Multi-Engine|Turbo-Jet|1990|Dallas Love|Dallas|TX|USA|32.84711|-96.85177|William P Hobby|Houston|TX|USA|29.64542|-95.27889|-1.078149e+07|3875028|-1.06064e+07|3458053
2008|1|10|4|730|730|831|830|WN|3|N642WN|61|60|48|1|0|DAL|HOU|239|3|10|0|NULL|0|NULL|NULL|NULL|NULL|NULL|2008-01-10 07:30:00|2008-01-10 08:31:00|Southwest Airlines|Corporation|BOEING|1997-02-11|737-3H4|Valid|Fixed Wing Multi-Engine|Turbo-Fan|1997|Dallas Love|Dallas|TX|USA|32.84711|-96.85177|William P Hobby|Houston|TX|USA|29.64542|-95.27889|-1.078149e+07|3875028|-1.06064e+07|3458053
omnisql> SELECT origin_city AS "Origin", dest_city AS "Destination", AVG(airtime) AS "Average Airtime" FROM flights_2008_7M WHERE distance < 200 GROUP BY origin_city, dest_city LIMIT 10;
Origin|Destination|Average Airtime
West Palm Beach|Tampa|35.51176470588236
Ft. Lauderdale|Tampa|38.19741636303412
New York|Baltimore|39.21726755218216

Well, it seems to be working fine. Next we will see how to install the RAPIDS suite and load some data from OmniSci to dataframes.